Google is advising you use in place of GCM and have deprecated the GCM service. You should move to the more powerful FCM platform.
We will no longer be maintaining the development of the GCM service.
Google Cloud Messaging (GCM) is Android’s push notification system. The GCM system is a very simple system to get up and running.
Google Cloud Messaging for Android (GCM) is a free service that helps developers send data from servers to their Android applications on Android devices. This could be a lightweight message telling the Android application that there is new data to be fetched from the server (for instance, a movie uploaded by a friend), or it could be a message containing up to 4kb of payload data (so apps like instant messaging can consume the message directly). The GCM service handles all aspects of queueing of messages and delivery to the target Android application running on the target device.
Architecturally it’s very similar to the APNS process, though “device token” is called “registration ID” the process is relatively identical. The actual implementation is very different though as we will see in the following.
This ANE requires usage of certain aspects of the Google Play Services client library. The client library is available as a series of ANEs that you add into your applications packaging options. Each separate ANE provides a component from the Play Services client library and are used by different ANEs. These client libraries aren’t packaged with this ANE as they are used by multiple ANEs and separating them will avoid conflicts, allowing you to use multiple ANEs in the one application.
This ANE requires the following Google Play Services:
You must include the above native extensions in your application along with this extension, and you need to ensure they are packaged with your application.
You can access the Google Play Services client library extensions here: https://github.com/distriqt/ANE-GooglePlayServices.
The following should be added to your
extensions node in your application descriptor to identify all the required ANEs in your application:
<extensions> <extensionID>com.distriqt.PushNotifications</extensionID> <extensionID>com.distriqt.Core</extensionID> <extensionID>com.distriqt.androidsupport.V4</extensionID> <extensionID>com.distriqt.playservices.Base</extensionID> <extensionID>com.distriqt.playservices.GCM</extensionID> </extensions>
Here are the primary characteristics of Google Cloud Messaging (GCM):
It’s important to note a few things here. Firstly the device needs to have the Google Play Store application installed and secondly that there needs to be an active Google account on the device (pre Android v4.0.4). You must be aware of these limitations when designing and testing your application.
You will need to sign up to the Google Cloud Messaging service. This process is outlined in the “Getting Started” section on the Android developer site:
You need to follow these instructions to get your API keys. If you are using our native extension in AIR then anything further can be ignored (i.e. anything from “Install the Helper Libraries”), though you will need it when developing your own native application.
We have summarised the instructions below.
To create a Google API project:
Open the Google APIs Console Page
Note: If you already have existing projects, the first page you see will be the Dashboard page. From there you can create a new project by opening the project drop-down menu (upper left corner) and choosing
Other projects > Create.
Click Create project. Your browser URL will change to something like: https://code.google.com/apis/console/#project:4815162342
To obtain an API key:
In the main Google APIs Console page, select API Access. You will see a screen that resembles the following:
Click Create new Server key. Either a server key or a browser key should work. The advantage to using a server key is that it allows you to whitelist IP addresses. The following screen appears:
Take note of the API key value (YourKeyWillBeShownHere) in this example, as it will be used later on.
Note: If you need to rotate the key, click Generate new key. A new key will be created while the old one will still be active for up to 24 hours. If you want to get rid of the old key immediately (for example, if you feel it was compromised), click Delete key.
You should now have two important pieces of information:
You will need these later so make note of them.
If you are building your own application server you should read the following documentation: https://developers.google.com/cloud-messaging/gcm#server
You should make note of your Sender ID in the tutorial for usage when setting up your
Push notifications require a few additions to the manifest to be able to receive notifications and react accordingly.
You should add the listing below to your manifest, with the following changes.
There are two important things here. If you are adding this to an existing application, you must make sure you have only one application node inside your manifest additions. You’ll need to copy the receiver and service from that node and place that inside your current application node. If you have two application nodes the push notifications may not work.
You should make sure you only have one application node in your manifest additions. Combine the sections together if you have more than one.
Secondly you need to replace all the application ID’s:
APPLICATION_PACKAGE with your application package name.
It is important here that you use the full application ID with the air. prefix (unless you are removing this during your packaging)
as this will be your actual application package name in the Android system.
It will be of the form
If any other of our ANEs require the
FileProvideronly add one of the references. The file provider will be shared amongst our extensions.
<manifest android:installLocation="auto"> <uses-sdk android:minSdkVersion="14" /> <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"/> <!-- OPTIONAL --> <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.VIBRATE"/> <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.RECEIVE_BOOT_COMPLETED" /> <!-- GCM PERMISSIONS --> <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WAKE_LOCK" /> <uses-permission android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.permission.RECEIVE" /> <!-- Only this application can receive the messages and registration result --> <permission android:name="APPLICATION_PACKAGE.permission.C2D_MESSAGE" android:protectionLevel="signature" /> <uses-permission android:name="APPLICATION_PACKAGE.permission.C2D_MESSAGE" /> <application> <meta-data android:name="com.google.android.gms.version" android:value="@integer/google_play_services_version" /> <receiver android:name="com.google.android.gms.gcm.GcmReceiver" android:exported="true" android:permission="com.google.android.c2dm.permission.SEND" > <intent-filter> <action android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.intent.RECEIVE" /> <category android:name="APPLICATION_PACKAGE" /> </intent-filter> </receiver> <service android:name="com.distriqt.extension.pushnotifications.gcm.GcmListenerService" android:exported="false" > <intent-filter> <action android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.intent.RECEIVE" /> </intent-filter> </service> <service android:name="com.distriqt.extension.pushnotifications.gcm.InstanceIDListenerService" android:exported="false"> <intent-filter> <action android:name="com.google.android.gms.iid.InstanceID" /> </intent-filter> </service> <service android:name="com.distriqt.extension.pushnotifications.gcm.RegistrationIntentService" android:exported="false" /> <activity android:name="com.distriqt.extension.pushnotifications.PushNotificationsActivity"> <intent-filter> <action android:name="APPLICATION_PACKAGE.NOTIFICATION_DEFAULT" /> <category android:name="android.intent.category.DEFAULT" /> </intent-filter> </activity> <!-- NOTIFICATIONS --> <receiver android:name="com.distriqt.extension.pushnotifications.notifications.receivers.NotificationReceiver"> <intent-filter> <action android:name="APPLICATION_PACKAGE.NOTIFICATION_SELECTED" /> <action android:name="APPLICATION_PACKAGE.NOTIFICATION_DELETED" /> <action android:name="APPLICATION_PACKAGE.NOTIFICATION_ACTION" /> <data android:scheme="dtpn" /> </intent-filter> <intent-filter> <action android:name="android.intent.action.BOOT_COMPLETED" /> </intent-filter> </receiver> <provider android:name="com.distriqt.extension.pushnotifications.content.FileProvider" android:authorities="APPLICATION_PACKAGE.pushnotificationsfileprovider" android:grantUriPermissions="true" android:exported="false"> <meta-data android:name="android.support.FILE_PROVIDER_PATHS" android:resource="@xml/distriqt_pushnotifications_paths" /> </provider> </application> </manifest>
If you have a large application and are supporting Android 4.x then you will need to ensure you enable your application to correctly support MultiDex to allow the application to be broken up into smaller dex packages.
This is enabled by default with recent releases of AIR (25+), except in the Android 4.x case where you need to change the manifest additions for the application tag to match the following and use the
<manifest android:installLocation="auto"> <!-- PERMISSIONS --> <application android:name="android.support.multidex.MultiDexApplication"> <!-- ACTIVITIES / RECEIVERS / SERVICES --> </application> </manifest>